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Test Code ECUMP Eculizumab Monitoring Panel, Serum

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

Method Name

C5AG2: Nephelometry

C5FX: Automated Liposome Lysis Assay

Reporting Name

Eculizumab Monitoring Panel, S

Specimen Required

Patient Preparation: Fasting preferred

Supplies: Aliquot Tube, 5 mL (T465)

Specimen Type: Serum

Collection Container/Tube: Red top

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic, 5 mL tube

Specimen Volume: 1.5 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Recommended timeframe for the blood collection is a trough, or immediately prior to next intravenous infusion.

2. Immediately after specimen collection, place the tube on wet ice.

3. Centrifuge and separate serum from clot.

4. Freeze specimen within 30 minutes.

Specimen Type

Serum Red

Specimen Minimum Volume

1 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Serum Red Frozen 14 days

Reject Due To

Gross hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia Reject

Reference Values


10.6-26.3 mg/dL



29-53 U/mL

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed


Test Classification

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information



LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
ECUMP Eculizumab Monitoring Panel, S In Process


Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
C5FX C5 Complement, Functional, S 60472-8
C5AG2 C5 Complement, Antigen, S 4505-4
INT86 ECUMP Interpretation 69048-7

Useful For

Therapeutic drug monitoring of eculizumab

Profile Information

Test ID Reporting Name Available Separately Always Performed
C5FX C5 Complement, Functional, S Yes Yes
C5AG2 C5 Complement, Antigen, S Yes, (Order C5AG) Yes
INT86 ECUMP Interpretation No Yes


The panel will measure the pharmacodynamic effects of eculizumab on the complement system. Total complement function (CH50), alternative pathway function (AH50), and C5 function assays will be decreased to a similar extent in the presence of eculizumab. The function of C5 may be completely absent when eculizumab is present at therapeutic concentrations. C5 antigen, on the other hand, will be normal or elevated. C5 complement function drops on average 30% with 25 mcg/mL of eculizumab, and 70% with 50 mcg/mL. In the presence of 100 mcg/mL of eculizumab in serum, there is on average 20% residual C5 function.


Decreased C5 function in the presence of normal or elevated C5 antigen concentrations suggests eculizumab is partially blocking C5 activity.


Absent C5 function in the presence of normal or elevated C5 antigen concentrations suggests eculizumab is completely blocking C5 activity.


Normal C5 function in the presence of normal or elevated C5 antigen concentrations suggests eculizumab concentration is not sufficient to block C5 activity.


If C5 function and C5 antigen concentrations are all decreased, it may be due to a secondary consumption process, poor hepatic synthesis of complement proteins or C5 deficiency. Clinical correlation recommended. If indicated, resubmit samples to confirm results.


If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Renal Diagnostics Test Request (T830) with the specimen.